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Abstract Detail


Pearson, Katelin [1], Love, Natalie [2], Ramirez Parada, Tadeo [3], Mazer, Susan [4], Yost, Jenn [5].

Phenological trends in the California poppy (Eschscholzia californica): Digitized herbarium specimens reveal intraspecific variation in the sensitivity of flowering date to climate change.

Herbarium specimens provide a critical source of phenological data that can be used to identify the direct and indirect drivers of variation in flowering date within and among species. Specimen-based phenological research in California has been accelerated by digitization efforts such as the California Phenology Network, which has scored and archived the phenological status of over 1.4 million specimens to date. Using this new data source in the Consortium of California Herbaria's CCH2 data portal, we obtained data from 993 specimens of the iconic California poppy, Eschscholzia californica Cham., along with climate data representing all collection sites to determine how long-term and interannual climate variation affect flowering dates, and whether phenological sensitivity to climate, and phenological shifts over time, vary across the species' range. Specimens collected from chronically warm or dry sites flowered relatively early, and flowering date was more sensitive to long-term mean temperature than to long-term mean precipitation. Independent of these effects of long-term conditions, flowering date in E. californica was sensitive to interannual variation in seasonal precipitation, but the direction of this effect depended on the season in which the precipitation occurred. Specimens sampled from sites experiencing warmer-than-average springs in the year of collection flowered 2.7-3.3 days earlier for every 1 °C increase in spring temperatures relative to long-term mean spring temperature. The magnitude of these effects, however, varied across the range of E. californica, with greater sensitivity to temperature in relatively cooler regions and no discernible sensitivity in relatively warm regions. Consistently, California poppies exhibited significant phenological advancement over the last 120 years, but this advancement was restricted to the cooler portions of its range. Our results provide one of the first accounts of intraspecific variation in both phenological sensitivity to climate and the magnitude of phenological shifts over time, and demonstrate that, for a single species, location- or population-specific estimates of phenological sensitivity or of temporal trends in phenology might not accurately predict phenological responses to climate change in other locations throughout its range. In this study, we highlight the utility and promise of herbarium specimens for addressing novel questions about the phenological responses of plants to climate trends.

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1 - Cal Poly San Luis Obispo, 437 Kentucky St Apt A, San Luis Obispo, CA, 93405, United States
2 - 306 Yerba Buena St, 306 Yerba Buena St., Morro Bay, CA, 93442, United States
3 - 6528 Camino Venturoso St, Goleta, CA, 93117, United States
4 - University Of California, Santa Barbara, Department Of Ecology & Marine Biology, 4119 Life Sciences Building, Santa Barbara, CA, 93106, United States
5 - Cal Poly, Biology, 1 Grand Ave, San Luis Obispo, CA, 93407, United States

herbarium digitization
digital data

Presentation Type: Oral Paper
Session: ECO3, Ecology: Climate Change
Location: /
Date: Tuesday, July 20th, 2021
Time: 4:15 PM(EDT)
Number: ECO3006
Abstract ID:74
Candidate for Awards:None

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