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Abstract Detail

Tropical Biology

Oleas, Nora [1], Sandoval, Pablo [2], Solano, Alejandro [3], Melo, Cristian [4].

Genetic diversity of small cacao farms in Mashpi, Ecuador.

Ecuador is the third cacao (Theobroma cacao) producer in the world. Ecuador is also the main producer of fine cacao, which is used for producing the best quality chocolate. Most studies about the genetic diversity of cacao in Ecuador have been done on samples from germplasm collections. Thus, little is known about on farm cacao genetic diversity. The aim of this study is to evaluate the genetic diversity of cacao in small agroecological farms in Ecuador. We collected 80 samples from three farms located in Mashpi, Ecuador. We genotyped each individual with 14 microsatellite loci. Our results based on Bayesian statistics shows several genetic groups, within the farms. The most genetically diverse farm reflects the agricultural practices of the owner. Our next step will be to estimate the genetic relationship of farmers’ plants to commercially available accessions.

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1 - Universidad Tecnologica Indoamerica, Machala Y Sabanilla, Quito, P, 170301, Ecuador
2 - Universidad Tecnologica Indoamerica, Facultad de Ciencias de Medio Ambiente, Machala y Sabanilla, Quito, Pichincha, Ecuador
3 - Reserva Mashpi Shungo, Mashpi, Pichincha, Ecuador
4 - Universidad UTE, Ciencias Administrativas, Rumipamba y Atahualpa, Quito, Ecuador

genetic diversity

Presentation Type: Poster
Session: P3, Tropical Biology Posters
Location: Virtual/Virtual
Date: Wednesday, July 21st, 2021
Time: 5:00 PM(EDT)
Number: P3TB005
Abstract ID:1075
Candidate for Awards:None

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